Citing sources is a fundamental feature of academic work. There are many ways to do this and each culture has its own traditions on how to do this. Nevertheless, a universal rule of thumb is clarity (provide sufficient information) and consistency (always follow the same style or method of citation).
The rules of style include a system of citations and references as well as rules about form. For the UNIV Forum, the appropriate style norms are the following:
1. Please submit your paper both as a “.pdf” file and as a “.docx”, “.doc” or “.rtf” file.
2. Length: 2,500-7,000 words (6-12 pages).
3. Each paper should contain the following sections:
a) Cover: Title; Author’s Name; University; Advisor’s Name and University.
b) Abstract (summary; 5-10 lines): both in English and in the language in which you write your paper.
c) Introduction: State the subject matter and objectives of the paper, and the methodology used (the application form also asks for this information).
d) Body of the paper.
a) Text: use size 12 Arial or Times New Roman. Footnotes: use size 10 Arial or Times New Roman.
b) Line spacing: 1 (single-spaced).
c) Include page numbers on the bottom right of each page.
d) Do not use any page headings or logos.
5. Citations and References
a) Insert a footnote after a quotation or reference to someone else’s work or ideas, using the following formats:
- Books: Llano, Alejandro, Repensar la Universidad. La universidad ante lo nuevo, Eiunsa, Barcelona, 2003.
- Book chapters: Villey, Michel, “Pour un authentique droit naturel”, en Villey, Michel, La formation de la pensée juridique moderne, PUF, Paris, 2006, pp. 372-374.
- Articles: Stocken, Frederick, “Music as a Christian Art”, in Second Spring, 5 (2004), pp. 55-59.
- Articles on the Internet: Xiabo, Lui, “The Human Desire for Freedom”, en URL = , last visited on 12/14/2010.
- Blogs: Mead, Walter Russell, “Back To School”, in Mead’s Blog - The American Interest, published on August 31, 2010, URL = .
- Websites: “UNIV Forum”, URL = , last visited on 12/14/2010.
b) Bibliography: list all the materials used in the writing of your paper, using the same format as the footnotes.